It introduces the science and engineering of environmental protection as well as the environmental disturbances from mainly anthropogenic causes. It gives emphasis on the environmental problems and protection systems, waste management, material recovery, circular economy and bioeconomy. Utilization of resources in mountainous areas. Environment and energy. Conventional and renewable energy sources and their management. Thermal energy, comfort and building. Environmentally friendly systems and techniques. Applications in the mountain environment and the traditional architecture.
Understanding of environmental pollution and the global extent of environmental disturbances, mainly from anthropogenic causes. • Acquisition of knowledge related to the legal framework for waste / resource management, circular economy. • Understand the importance of recycling, reuse, recovery, treatment and final disposal of waste.• Expansion of knowledge in energy and environmental issues by acquiring the capability of professional and research applications
The focus of this course is on the study of the complex interrelationships among spatial, economic, social, cultural, technological, environmental etc. dimensions, explored in the context of spatial and developmental planning endeavours. The study and comprehension of the above dimensions is carried out by gaining insight into the theoretical and methodological approaches and tools, but also the institutional aspects of spatial and developmental planning. Contemporary approaches are also discussed as a means for enriching the students’ methodological ground. Among them are falling the: participatory planning approach, strategic planning approach, spatial governance approach, resilience of spatial systems, etc. These are further broadened by the emerging paradigms of spatial planning and development. Emphasis is also given on the place-based and territorial capital approaches as means for territorial cohesion. Based on this theoretical and methodological ground, the study of spatial systems and related spatial and developmental planning problems is pursued, serving the ultimate goal of a balanced regional development and removal of spatial and developmental barriers that are inherent in various types of regions (e.g. urban, regional, insular, mountainous etc.). Emphasis is placed on problems related to mountainous regions.
In this course, students are familiarized with current methodological approaches relevant to developmental and spatial planning topics; get insight into the spatial planning approaches dedicated to the sustainable open cities model and the development of the settlements’ network; become aware of the current frameworks for analysing interaction of spatial variables (PSR / DPSIR Frameworks); and deepen their knowledge and practical experiences as to specific planning problems, with emphasis on their adjustment to mountainous regions.
During the project work assigned to the students, the aforementioned methodological approaches are applied in a real planning exercise of a mountainous region, with a focus on a developmental and/or spatial problem. Through this project work, students explore and comprehend the various problems’ dimensions and their interrelationships; their repercussions in the social, economic, cultural, natural etc. context; and the planning approach most relevant for their successful handling.
What are Mountain Areas? Basic definitions, morphological features - Why are mountains important? (Natural Resources, Energy, Biodiversity, Cultural Reserve) - Geotectonics and Orogenesis - Mountains and Climate - The most important mountains in the world - Mountainous Greece: i. Main mountains ii. Flora and Fauna iii. Historical and social development iiii. Mountain Cultures - Modern Mountain Greece: Opportunities and Problems - Policies for Mountain Areas (Organizations, Legislation, Development Plans: International and Greek experience).
The course introduces students to the natural and man-made environment of mountain areas as well as their history, social conditions and mountain policy issues. The definitions of both mountainous areas and the morphological elements of the mountains are examined. The importance of mountainous regions for the planet, which has been recognized since 1992 by the Rio World Conference, is analysed. The main mechanisms of orogenesis and the mountains of the world are presented during a large orogenetic period. The climate of mountainous areas is examined and the effect of altitude on temperature, sunlight, humidity, evaporation, precipitation is analysed. The effects of climate change on mountain areas are being reviewed. Then the characteristics of mountain societies are presented, such as adaptability to local conditions, rational management of natural resources, strong ties, etc. At the same time, the problems of mountain societies are emphasized (isolation, position of women, poverty). An overview of the historical development of mountainous Greece, from the years of colonization of mountainous areas during the 15th century until today and identifying key points in the historical and social development of these areas. In addition, a reference is made to the characteristics of important mountain groups in Greece. Finally, there is an overview of mountain policies at international level. As part of the course, a collective presentation work of a mountain group of the world takes place and is presented during the first week of the course. In addition, educational visits are made to mountain municipalities and individual work is carried out (evaluated) on real problems of the mountain municipalities which are the study areas.
Basic concepts of environmental economics. Introduction to neoclassical economic theory. The market mechanism and natural resources. Public and private goods. Private, external and social costs and benefits.
Economic values of non-market goods and services. Values of use (e.g. recreation, corrosion protection, biodiversity, etc.). Non-use values (e.g. intrinsic value and bequest value).
Methods of economic valuation of water resources. Immediate valuation methods: dependent valuation technique. Indirect valuation methods: travel cost technique, substitute purchasing techniques, avoidance, restoration and substitution cost techniques. Cost / benefit transfer methods. The basic stages of a research. Writing a questionnaire. Population definition. Determination of an appropriate statistical sample. Sampling techniques. Interview methods. Coding of answers. Edit results. Preparation of a final report. Statistical processing of results with SPSS software. Data input. Basic statistical processing. Creating tables - graphs. Statistical checks (relevance check, etc.). Econometric analysis: parametric and non-parametric assessment of willingness to pay. Implementation of research with the method of Dependent Evaluation or Travel Cost Analysis on a topic related to mountainous areas.
Objective of the course is to highlight management issues of mountainous areas, emphasizing the built environment and the concepts of tradition and cultural heritage. Mountain areas are addressed as a system, the identity of which we ought to recognize, in terms of protection, promotion, and integrated development. The concept of the ‘Identity of the Mountainous Areas’ is related to the material, natural, and man-made background of the places, as well as, the intangible heritage and the pursued production of culture by the inhabitants.In that sense, it concerns and refers to the overall, natural-environmental, as well as the man-made material substratum of place, but also to the overall cultural production.
Students get acquainted with the identification and evaluation of multiple physical and structural characteristics that constitute the identity of the place. Exercise in prioritizing the spatial, natural-environmental and cultural qualities and exploring the conditions of their protection, promotion, and development.