2009 - 2010


During the last decades, Greece is receiving immigrants, while Greeks used to migrate from Greece in the past. The migration wave from Albania changed the country's social, economic and political “status quo”. Some Albanian migrants, leaving a country that did not offer the basic for life, will choose to settle in the neglected by Greek government and the majority of the Greek population mountainous area of Tzoumerka.

Τzoumerka is a hard to reach extended mountain range with rich natural and cultural resources. The region’s main economic activities are stock farming and tourism. It is widely acceptable that development actions and motives applied in past years have not attributed the expected outcomes. Consequently, the search for optimal development choices remains a question. However, the exercise of imagination for a better future that is sometimes reported also as “visioning” is structural element in the search of worth-living integrated development.

This study aims at analyzing the impacts of the modern lifestyle on the mountainous areas, using as a case study the Tzoumerka range. In the beginning, a definition of lifestyle is given and then a literature review about its evolution in Greece is presented, focusing mainly on the lifestyle effects on different aspects of modern life. In the following, the outcomes from the analysis of the questionnaires are used to investigate the relationship of the young residents of Tzoumerka with tradition.

Elderly people, especially in the mountainous areas of Tzoumerka, face many difficulties in their everyday life. These mainly concern their contact with public services, their medical care, their feelings of solidarity and marginalization, as well as the lack of their participation in public issues. This study aims at recording and further analyzing the main social and every day problems of the aged people, in Tzoumerka, as well as the reasons that kept these people to their villages and prevented them from migration.

This paper studies the young pupils livelihood, in mountain areas. The research object is the youngster daily way of life in the mountainous villages of Tzoumerka, focused on the difficulties that they face, the pleasures that derive from living in the village, their desires and their speculations for the future. The realization of this study consisted of field research with questionnaires that were addressed to the pupils of the local schools.